Today Ben introduced us to circuits through soldering. I learned the importance of the positioning the positive and negative charge and the placement of the LED in order for a circuit to work. We also were introduced to Arduino and got that setup today as well. I also learned how to use ShareLatex and I am so happy a site like this exists! We were assigned to create our own “professional bio” and an “elementary bio” for tonight to help get the hang of the syntax ShareLatex uses.


1. We have been assigned to read two articles for tonight

(a) Defining Through Expansion: Conducting Asynchronous Remote Communities (ARC) Research with Stigmatized Groups J. Maestre, H. Macleod, C. Connelly et al.

Summary: This research primarily targeted people living with HIV. This paper referred to HIV as PLH. Asynchronous Remote Communities, ARC, was used as the research method to attempt to learn more about their daily experiences by creating a safe space by an online format, Facebook. This HCI research originally conducted their study through a face to face, FtF format. This method was not very reliable because many felt uncomfortable in FtF settings. This was why ARC was used in this version. It was stated that participants recruited online were more willing to open up about their experiences concerning their HIV status than participants in FtF settings. Researchers used their authentic Facebook profiles to recruit participants for this study. Researchers opted for support groups with more than 1k members. Participants were given a $50 incentive to participate, regardless of their activity level. A total of 19 people were recruited(11 men, 7 women, 1 queer) with different sexual orientations (8 heterosexual, 8 homosexual, 3 bisexual). On average participants generated a total of 82 comments in the private group that was created for them. The private group was named Chicken Soup group. On average, a total of 17 activities were completed by all participants. ARC was a successful method chosen to study PLH. It allowed continuous recruitment and data collection.

I like how researchers used their authentic Facebook accounts before reaching out to the participants. This built a foundation of trust which led the participants to be being more open/honest and willing to participate.


Maestre, J. F., Macleod, H., Connelly, C. L., Dunbar, J. C., Beck, J., Siek, K. A., & Shih, P. C. (2018). Defining Through Expansion : Conducting Asynchronous Remote Communities ( ARC ) Research with Stigmatized Groups. https://doi.org/10.1145/3173574.3174131

(b) Asynchronous remote communities (arc) for researching distributed populations By: H. Macleod, B. Jelen, A. Prabhakar et al.

Asynchronous Remote Communities, ARC, was the method that was used to conduct this research. This research targeted a population carrying a rare disease and were all recruited from Facebook. The duration of this research was 22 weeks. A total of 53 consent documents were distributed and 14 were returned. Consent documents that were accepted required participants to print, physically sign, scan the document and email the signed form back to the researchers. The participants that were accepted into this study ranged from ages 32-68. A $50 incentive was given to each participant, regardless of activity level, at the end of the research. Facebook introduced few limitations that could have skewed the results of this research such as whenever researchers posted new activities for participants to complete, few participants did not get notified of such activities. Four different levels of engagement were observed based off of the activities that were posted on the Facebook group page: super active, active, lurking, and dropped out. Researchers felt the need to remind participants of activities, pinning the current activity, tagging participants in posts, and commenting on posts to attract more participants to participate. Age and gender appeared to be factors in determining the activity level.


MacLeod, H., Jelen, B., Prabhakar, A., & Oehlberg, L. (2016). Asynchronous remote communities (arc) for researching distributed populations. Retrieved from http://www.haleymacleod.com/Papers/2016-pervasivehealth-arcmethod.pdf

2. Ben’s Assignment

I got Blink to work on my Arduino.

I also made my own personal “Happy Birthday” card for the assignment portion of the circuit training.

3. Field Notes:

Start time: 5:48
Location: Outside Patio between Cactus Flower Clothing and Laughing Planet Cafe.
Observation style: Temporal Mapping

woman, blue shirt, still in school because she is working with her laptop out, cell phone is face up. iPhone has a black case on it.

5: 52 Get’s distracted by phone, appears to have a notification on her phone. Stops working on school work to respond to that notification. Smiling. repositions herself with phone still in her hand.

5:56 put’s phone down going back to her school work.

5:59 get’s distracted by dog, takes a picture of it. moves on to snapchat to record the dog. Smiling. Appears to enjoy the dog’s presence. Looks very happy.

Look’s like she may be catching up on her notifications/ social media.

6:01 Takes a picture of dog once more

6:02 Throws phone in her bag. Possibly to avoid any further distractions

6:04 Takes phone back out of bag to glance at the screen, possibly hoping for new notifications. Sets her phone on her lap.

6:05 Takes out a phone charger from her bag and puts her phone on charge. Goes back to her school work.

6:09-6:12 Get’s back on her phone, smiling. Appears to be texting.

End time: 6:12


In this observation, I chose the Temporal Mapping technique. I focused on a woman who appeared to be extremely distracted by the use of her iPhone. There were several times throughout my 24 minute observation where she attempted to stop using her phone to go back to her school work. However, her focus lasted only a few minutes until she would go back to her phone once more. During the times where she put her phone away, she opted to have her phone facing up. I believe this assignment would be expedited for IRB approval because this requires minimal risk to the human subject.